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Academic Integrity: Welcome

This Library Guide is intended to support the research needs of students and faculty who need information about when to cite a source what citation style to use, how to create citations and paraphrase to prevent plagiarism.

Digital Reference and Student Success

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Shenise McGhee, M.S.L.S., M.S.HED.
John Brown Watson Memorial Library System
1200 North University Drive Pine Bluff, Arkansas 71601
Office: (870) 575-8896 Fax: (870) 575-4642

Plagiarism Tips

Academic Integrity: Avoiding Plagiarism

One of the most common and unintentional violations of academic integrity is plagiarism. It is an acceptable and common practice to present other authors’ ideas in your work. None of us can be original all of the time, and it lends credibility when you integrate other scholars’ ideas into your work. The key is to do this properly!

To avoid plagiarism when borrowing from another source, follow these rules: 

Rule 1: Paraphrase your Source
One common way to incorporate others’ ideas is to paraphrase. Paraphrasing is restating ideas from an original source using your own voice and giving credit to the original source.
Rule 2: Quote your Source
Another common way to incorporate another person’s ideas is through direct quotation. Direct quotation is an extended word-for-word duplication of an author’s original writing. Quotation also requires that you give credit to the original source.

Rule 3: Cite your Source = Give Credit to your Source
When you paraphrase or quote someone else's work, you must cite your source in TWO places:

1)    Within your paragraph. This is called an “in-text citation.”
Your in-text citation includes brief information a reader will need to find the complete reference in your list of sources such as the author, date or page numbers.


2)    At the end of your paper in a list of sources. This list is called “References,” “Works Cited,” or “Bibliography.”
All the sources in your list must include the complete information needed to identify and retrieve that source (author’s name,
title of work, date of publication, URL, etc.).


Student Handbook

Academic Integrity Resources for Writing Assignments